/What Exactly Is A Common Cold!

What Exactly Is A Common Cold!

More people visit a doctor for a cold each year than for any other illness, and more people miss school and work as a result. It can easily spread to others and is brought on by any number of viruses. It isn’t brought on by being wet or by being cold.

Why does the common cold occur?

Any one of a number of viruses that inflame the membranes lining the nose and throat can give someone a cold. There are more than 200 different viruses that can cause it. Yet most colds are brought on by rhinoviruses.

It is very simple to spread the common cold to other people. The sick person frequently sneezes or coughs into the air, releasing airborne droplets that are then exhaled by others. Another person then inhales the droplets. Additionally, colds can be transmitted when a sick person touches you or an object that you then touch, such as a doorknob.

Contrary to popular belief, getting cold or being chilled doesn’t make you sick. However, the cold season (early fall to late winter) does see an increase in colds. A number of factors, such as: are probably to blame for this.

  • Since classes are in session, there is a higher chance of contracting the virus.
  • People spend more time inside and are closer to one another.
  • Dry nasal passages that are more open to cold viruses are a result of low humidity.

Who is vulnerable to getting a cold?

Everyone is susceptible to the common cold. Beginning in late August or early September and lasting until March or April, the fall and winter months are when people are most likely to contract colds. Due to the fact that more people are indoors and huddled together during the colder months, the prevalence of colds may increase during this time. Additionally, the nasal passages become drier and more susceptible to infection in cold, dry weather.

Due to their developing immune systems and the close physical contact they have with other kids at school or daycare, children get more colds than adults do each year. In actuality, a child will experience 6 to 10 colds annually. Two to four colds per year are typical for adults.

What signs indicate a common cold?

Typical cold signs could be:

  • Runny and clogged nose.
  • Throat with a tickle and itch.
  • Sneezing.
  • Eye tearing.
  • Low-grade fever.
  • Throat pain.
  • Mild hacking cough.
  • Bones and muscles that hurt.
  • Headache.
  • Mild exhaustion.
  • Chills.
  • Nasal discharge that starts out clear but thickens and changes to yellow or green.

How is the typical cold handled?

There isn’t a drug on the market right now that will either cure or shorten the common cold. However, the following are some treatments that could aid in reducing some cold symptoms:

  • Decongestants and cough medications sold over-the-counter for colds.
  • Antihistamines sold without a prescription (medication that reduces coughing and helps dry up nasal secretions).
  • Rest.
  • Increased consumption of liquids.
  • Painkillers for fever or headache.
  • Gargling with warm, salt water to relieve throat pain.
  • For the lips and nose’s raw, chapped skin, use petroleum jelly.
  • For congestion, use warm steam.

Antibiotics are ineffective because viruses are the primary cause of colds. Only bacterial infections can be treated with antibiotics.

A child with a fever shouldn’t be given aspirin. Reye syndrome has been linked to the use of aspirin as a treatment for viral illnesses in children. This disorder in kids has the potential to be severe or fatal.

Can you prevent the common cold?

Washing your hands frequently and avoiding close contact with sick people are the two best ways to stay healthy and avoid getting sick. Avoid touching your nose or eyes when around people who have colds because your hands may be infected with the virus.

Cough and sneeze into a tissue if you have a cold, and then throw the tissue away right away. Immediately wash your hands after that. The spread of the common cold can be stopped by disinfecting surfaces with chemicals that kill viruses. According to research, rhinoviruses are capable of surviving for up to three hours outside of the nasal lining.