/Unani Medicine Perspective: Understanding the Impact of Junk Food on Health

Unani Medicine Perspective: Understanding the Impact of Junk Food on Health

In today’s fast-paced world, junk food has become a ubiquitous part of many people’s diets. However, the consumption of junk food has raised concerns about its impact on overall health and well-being. Unani medicine, an ancient holistic healing system, offers valuable insights into the effects of junk food on the body. In this article, we will explore what Unani medicine has to say about junk food and its potential consequences on health.

Understanding Unani Medicine:

Unani medicine is a comprehensive healing system that originated from ancient Greece and was further developed in the Indian subcontinent. It emphasizes the balance between the body’s elements (earth, air, fire, and water) and the importance of a healthy lifestyle, diet, and herbal remedies in maintaining well-being. Unani medicine considers food as medicine and believes that proper nutrition plays a vital role in preventing and treating diseases.

Junk Food: A Unani Perspective:

Unani medicine classifies food into different categories based on their effects on the body. Junk food, which typically includes processed and heavily refined items high in sugar, unhealthy fats, and artificial additives, falls under the category of “Ghiza-e-Israaf” or harmful food. According to Unani principles, the consumption of such food can disrupt the balance of bodily elements and lead to various health issues.

  1. Imbalance of Humours:

Unani medicine describes the body as composed of four humours: blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile. A healthy body is believed to have a balance among these humours. Junk food, being devoid of essential nutrients and loaded with unhealthy ingredients, can disrupt this balance. Excessive consumption of junk food can lead to an imbalance of humours, resulting in digestive problems, metabolic disorders, and overall weakened health.

  1. Weakening of Digestive Fire:

Unani medicine emphasizes the importance of strong digestive fire, known as “Aag,” for proper digestion and assimilation of nutrients. Junk food, which is often low in fiber and difficult to digest, weakens the digestive fire over time. This can lead to sluggish digestion, poor nutrient absorption, and the accumulation of toxins in the body. The weakened digestive fire may also contribute to weight gain, bloating, and other digestive issues.

  1. Increase in Heat and Moisture:

Unani medicine recognizes the concept of hot and cold temperaments in foods. Junk food, particularly fried and processed items, is considered “hot” in nature. Excessive consumption of such hot and oily foods can increase heat and moisture in the body, leading to inflammation, skin problems, and an overall imbalance of bodily humours.

  1. Nutritional Deficiencies:

Junk food is often high in calories, unhealthy fats, and refined carbohydrates while lacking essential nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, and fiber. Regular consumption of junk food can result in nutritional deficiencies and an inadequate supply of vital nutrients necessary for maintaining optimal health. This can weaken the immune system, impair organ function, and increase the risk of various diseases.

  1. Impact on Mental Well-being:

Unani medicine recognizes the connection between physical health and mental well-being. The consumption of junk food can have a negative impact on mental health, contributing to mood swings, anxiety, and depression. The imbalance created by junk food’s effects on the body can also affect cognitive function and overall mental clarity.


Unani medicine provides valuable insights into the impact of junk food on health. According to this ancient healing system, the consumption of junk food can disrupt the balance of bodily elements, weaken the digestive fire, contribute to nutritional deficiencies, and affect mental well-being. Recognizing the potential consequences of junk food can serve as a motivation to make healthier dietary choices. Embracing a balanced diet, rich in whole foods, and adopting lifestyle practices recommended by Unani medicine can contribute to overall well-being and vitality. Remember, food is not only a source of pleasure but also a means to nourish and heal the body.